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Infertility is defined as the inability of a couple to conceive after a year of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. It is a significant medical problem that affects millions of people worldwide, including in India. Infertility is a complex and multifactorial condition, and several factors can contribute to its prevalence in the Indian setting. We will explore some of the reasons for infertility in India and how these factors if identified early can reduce the burden of stress.
One of the primary reasons for infertility in India is the,
Delay in childbearing. In recent years, there has been a shift in the Indian societal structure, and more people are pursuing higher education, career advancement, and financial stability before starting a family. This delay in childbearing can lead to a decline in fertility due to age-related factors. Women over 35 years of age have a higher risk of infertility, as they are more likely to experience hormonal imbalances, reduced egg quality, and other reproductive health problems. This trend of delaying childbearing is prevalent in urban areas and among the higher socio-economic class, where people have greater access to education and job opportunities.
Another contributing factor to infertility in India is,
Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). STIs can lead to infertility by causing damage to the reproductive organs, including the Fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries. In India, STIs are widespread, and many people are unaware of their infection status. The stigma associated with STIs and the lack of sexual education also makes it challenging to prevent and manage these infections. STIs are more common in low socio-economic groups, where there is limited access to healthcare and education.
Male factor infertility is another significant cause of infertility in India. Male infertility can result from several factors, including low sperm count, poor sperm motility, and abnormalities in sperm morphology. The highest prevalence of tobacco and alcohol consumption in India is one of the primary causes of male infertility. These substances can affect sperm quality and lead to hormonal imbalances, reducing the chances of conception. Other factors that contribute to male infertility include exposure to environmental toxins, obesity, and stress.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a prevalent condition that affects women’s fertility in India. PCOS is a hormonal disorder that causes multiple small cysts to form in the ovaries, leading to hormonal imbalances and irregular ovulation. PCOS affects approximately 20-25% of women of reproductive age in India. The condition is often undiagnosed, as many women are unaware of their symptoms. PCOS can lead to infertility, as irregular ovulation makes it challenging to conceive naturally.
Overnutrition (energy mismanagement) and poor reproductive health are significant contributors to infertility in India. Malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent in India, especially in rural areas. These deficiencies can affect reproductive health, leading to menstrual irregularities, ovulatory dysfunction, and other fertility problems. Inadequate nutrition can also affect the growth and development of the fetus, leading to poor birth outcomes. In addition to the above factors, several cultural and social factors contribute to infertility in India.
The preference for male children and the practice of dowry can lead to early and forced marriages, which can increase the risk of infertility. Women in these marriages may face pressure to conceive early, leading to adolescent pregnancies and higher rates of pregnancy-related complications. The lack of awareness and social stigma surrounding infertility also makes it challenging for couples to seek medical help.
1. Infertility can have many different causes, both in men and women. In women, the most common causes of infertility are ovulatory disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, and problems with the Fallopian tubes.
2. In men, the most common cause of infertility is a low sperm count or poor sperm quality.
3. Other causes of infertility in both men and women include hormonal imbalances, genetic factors, age-related decline in fertility, and lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity.
4. The first step in correcting infertility is to identify the underlying cause. This typically involves a comprehensive medical evaluation of both partners, which may include a physical exam, blood tests, semen analysis, and imaging studies. Once the cause of infertility is identified, the appropriate treatment can be recommended.
5. The testing process is simple and easy to do simultaneously to identify underlying issues that may be contributing to your infertility. These are basic essential tests. These tests will provide your healthcare provider with valuable information about your reproductive health, which will help guide your treatment plan.
6. During the testing process, it’s important to maintain open communication with your healthcare provider. Voice any concerns you may have. They are there to help guide you through the process and provide support along the way.
7. Seeking testing for infertility is not a sign of failure. Infertility is a common issue that affects many couples, and seeking help is a brave and important step in achieving your dream of starting a family.
8. Approach the infertility testing process with an open mind and a willingness to learn. With the support of your healthcare provider, you can gain valuable insights into your reproductive health and take steps towards achieving your goal of starting a family
The real challenge lies in understanding the in vivo (in the human body) as well as in vitro (in the laboratory) conditions. This is a Herculean task which is further complicated by pregnancy conditions. The involvement of different systems so unique for reproduction and is still a challenge for scientists as well as doctors. We have achieved many milestones in the science of reproduction. Knowing the reasons for infertility is a first step towards the same.
We at, Yash IVF Deccan, have excellent compliant labs for testing, testing and diagnosis services in place. This has helped many patients to get the right treatment in time without delay. Then, what you are waiting for? Do visit Yash IVF Deccan to start the journey of parenthood today.